Cuzco (Qosq’o, meaning center of the universe, in the native Quechua language) was once the capital of the Inca empire from the 12th century until the arrival of the Spaniards and the
downfall of the Inca empire in 1533 AD.
Cuzco was born when the first Inca, named Manco Capac, went on a search to find the "belly button (navel) of the universe" by orders of Inti, the sun god. Upon discovery of this place, Manco Capac was commanded to throw a golden pole deep into the ground until it disappeared, ultimately denominating the center of the universe and establishing Cuzco as the geographical center and most important citadel of the Inca civilization. (The word "Inca" during the time of Inca rule actually meant king and the common people were known simply as Quechua speakers).
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